Age Related Macular Degeneration & The Role of Diet
A recent study published by the Journal EMBO Molecular Medicine says that the bacteria present in the intestine will determine if the person may develop wet AMD (Age-related Macular Degeneration). The study brought a new angle to the vision-related disease.
In simple terms, AMD is an age-related problem that deteriorates the central vision required to see the object clearly. In this condition, the macula in the retina degrades with age and cause ‘blind spots’. This affects the visual acuity which is responsible for the ability to see fine details while reading, recognizing faces, watching television etc. iTek Vision Centre is the best eye care centre in Noida where the specialists examine the vision related problems so that action can be taken immediately to avoid serious consequences.
Dry AMD Vs Wet AMD
The best eye retina doctors in Delhi will agree that while the dry AMD results in pigment deposition and thinning of macular tissue, wet AMD is characterized by the growth of new blood vessels in the macula, which is not a right condition for the eyes. These new blood vessels are fragile and leak blood and fluid.
- The dry AMD is more common than the wet form which is an advanced form of AMD and may lead to vision loss.
- Dry AMD is characterized by yellow spots (Drusen) developed from the debris deposited by the damaged tissues.
- In Dry AMD, light sensitive cell breaks down and inhibits the functioning of the macula.
- If not taken care of, the dry AMD can progress to wet AMD which can lead to complete vision loss.
- In wet AMD, straight lines may appear wavy. In this condition, contact the best eye care centre in Delhi immediately.
The study by EMBO reveals that the diet rich in fat may aggravate the wet AMD since the fat alters the bacteria in the gut which has the ability to cause low-grade inflammation in the body gradually resulting in wet AMD.
Role of Diet in AMD
Although, it is a universal fact that a good diet and healthy nutrition increases the immunity of the body and protects you from various disease. When we talk about wet AMD, a balanced diet rich in green leafy vegetables, and fruits delay the incidence of age-related macular degeneration.
- Antioxidants are great for eye health! They protect against oxidation which is an integral process of AMD. Therefore, foods like red grapes, oranges, and mango are good for eye health.
- Omega 3 is good for healthy eyes: Consuming fish at least thrice a week also helps prevent macular degeneration as it provides omega 3 which is good for the heart as well as eyes. Fish capsules are highly popular for preventing eye diseases.
- Fat Intake should be monitored: High consumption of saturated fats increases the risk of AMD.
- Vitamin supplements are good: Vitamin E, C and micronutrients like lutein and zeaxanthin are great for your eyes.
Although the role of diet in the prevention of AMD is not strong as compared to other diseases such as heart or blood pressure, it still has some effect in delaying the process of AMD. Visit eye care specialists in Delhi for a regular eye check-up to monitor the health of eyes and be prepared.