When we say someone or let us say, we are having some kind of vision problems, most of us aren’t able to define what exactly is the problem in the vision we are facing. There are different types of vision problems we might be facing without knowing the actual cause and definition of it. Here we talk about some kind of vision problems that human eye faces.
Common Vision problems in kids
- Lazy eye called as amblyopia
- Crossed eye called as strabismus
- Blurred Vision called refractive errors
Common Vision problems in adults
- Diabetic Retinopathy
- The blurred vision called refractive errors
- Age-related macular degeneration
Blurred vision/Refractive errors
- Myopia can be caused where viewing the things near is easy but the things at a distance are difficult.
- Hyperopia can be caused where viewing the things at a distance is easy but the things at a close distance become tough to see.
- Presbyopia, where adults over 40 get issues in reading or get trouble when things are up close.
- Astigmatism is another blurry vision problem which is caused by the shape of the cornea.
- Exotropia – one or both eyes turn out; also called wall-eyed
- Hypotropia – one or both eyes turn down
- Hypertropia – one or both eyes turn up
- Esotropia – one or both eyes turn inward toward the nose
This happens when the brain and the eyes of humans do not work together. The visual information that one of the eyes sends is ignored by the brain which leads to the problems in vision developments.
The damage of the blood vessels in the back of the eyes that is in the retina is called as the diabetic retinopathy and everyone suffering from type 1 and type 2 are at risk of getting this disease. People suffering from DR may not notice until their condition becomes severe. Hence, it is very important to get the eyes treated when one is suffering from diabetes.
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
This one blurs the sharp, central vision needed to see straight ahead. In the centre of the retina, there is a part of the eye called the macula and that is hampered in this problem. It is macula of the eyes that lets a person see the fine details that are needed for writing, reading, and driving.
There are different types of glaucoma but all of them irrespective of their type can cause damage to the optic nerves. This disease is also called as the sneak thief of the sight. It is called so because in this too people do not notice a problem in their eyesight until some vision is lost. Mostly it happens because of the increase in the fluid pressure in the eyes. If it is found at later stages then vision loss from glaucoma can’t be treated.
The clouding the lens of the eyes is called a cataract. This will lead to poor vision during the night and also while driving because of the glare or brightness of the lights. Cataract surgery is the most common eye surgery that can be easily cured.